TitleTemperature and UV-B-insensitive performance in tadpoles of the ornate burrowing frog: an ephemeral pond specialist
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsKern P, Cramp RL, Franklin CE
Date PublishedApr
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number0022-0949
Accession NumberBIOSIS:PREV201400400415
Keywords(larva)], 07002, Behavioral biology - General and comparative behavior, 07003,, 07504, Ecology: environmental, 07508, Ecology:, 25502, Development and Embryology -, Amphibia, Vertebrata, Chordata, Animalia, Amphibians, Animals,, Behavior, Behavioral biology - Animal behavior, biology - Bioclimatology and biometeorology, Chordates, Nonhuman Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Climatology (Environmental Sciences), Development, environmental biology - Animal, fluctuation, cellular stress response, swimming performance, tadpole, General and descriptive, ornate burrowing frog, Salientia [85306], thermal sensitivity, UV-B radiation, thermal tolerance, temperature, [Platyplectrum ornatum
AbstractAnimals may overcome the challenges of temperature instability through behavioural and physiological mechanisms in response to short-and long-term temperature changes. When ectotherms face the challenge of large diel temperature fluctuations, one strategy may be to reduce the thermal sensitivity of key traits in order to maintain performance across the range of temperatures experienced. Additional stressors may limit the ability of animals to respond to these thermally challenging environments through changes to energy partitioning or interactive effects. Ornate burrowing frog (Platyplectrum ornatum) tadpoles develop in shallow ephemeral pools that experience high diel thermal variability (> 20 degrees C) and can be exposed to high levels of UV-B radiation. Here, we investigated how development in fluctuating versus stable temperature conditions in the presence of high or low UV-B radiation influences thermal tolerance and thermal sensitivity of performance traits of P. ornatum tadpoles. Tadpoles developed in either stable (24 C) or fluctuating temperatures (18-32 degrees C) under high or low UV-B conditions. Tadpoles were tested for upper critical thermal limits, thermal dependence of resting metabolic rate and maximum burst swimming performance. We hypothesised that developmental responses to thermal fluctuations would increase thermal tolerance and reduce thermal dependence of physiological traits, and that trade-offs in the allocation of metabolic resources towards repairing UV-B-induced damage may limit the ability to maintain performance over the full range of temperatures experienced. We found that P. ornatum tadpoles were thermally insensitive for both burst swimming performance, across the range of temperatures tested, and resting metabolic rate at high temperatures independent of developmental conditions. Maintenance of performance led to a trade-off for growth under fluctuating temperatures and UV-B exposure. Temperature treatment and UV-B exposure had an interactive effect on upper critical thermal limits possibly due to the upregulation of the cellular stress response. Thermal independence of key traits may allow P. ornatum tadpoles to maintain performance in the thermal variability inherent in their environment.