TitleAnalysis of the biomass composition of the demosponge Amphimedon queenslandica on Heron Island Reef, Australia
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWatson J.R, Brennan T.CR, Degnan B.M, Degnan S.M, Kromer J.O
Date PublishedJun
Type of ArticleArticle
ISBN Number1660-3397
Accession NumberWOS:000338189200033
Keywordsamino acid, Amphimedon queenslandica, analysis, Behavior, biochemical composition, chain fatty-acids, components, defenses, FAME analysis, marine sponges, membrane, nutritional quality, phospholipids, Porifera, spongin, sterols, Toxicity

Marine sponges are a potential source of important pharmaceutical drugs, the commercialisation of which is restricted by the difficulties of obtaining a sufficient and regular supply of biomass. One way to optimize commercial cell lines for production is the in-depth characterization and target identification through genome scale metabolic modeling and flux analysis. By applying these tools to a sponge, we hope to gain insights into how biomass is formed. We chose Amphimedon queenslandica as it has an assembled and annotated genome, a prerequisite for genome scale modeling. The first stepping stone on the way to metabolic flux analysis in a sponge holobiont, is the characterization of its biomass composition. In this study we quantified the macromolecular composition and investigated the variation between and within sponges of a single population. We found lipids and protein to be the most abundant macromolecules, while carbohydrates were the most variable. We also analysed the composition and abundance of the fatty acids and amino acids, the important building blocks required to synthesise the abundant macromolecule types, lipids, and protein. These data complement the extensive genomic information available for A. queenslandica and lay the basis for genome scale modelling and flux analysis.

Alternate JournalMar. Drugs